212 results found for physics

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00:25:00

Role of Cortical Noise in Vision

by Donald Glaser
Role of Cortical Noise in Vision
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 651 views
Rating:

Our brains are always generating electrical signals, even if we close our eyes, plug our ears, and lie in a warm bath. These signals are called cortical noise because they don't correlate with any sensation or thought of which we are aware. I will ....

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00:36:00

The Individuality of Light Quanta

by Roy Glauber
The Individuality of Light Quanta
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 955 views
Rating:

Light quanta are the fundamental units of radiant energy. When propagating freely they travel at the fastest attainable speed and live forever. These properties recommend them as the ideal messengers for communication of all sorts. Ordinary light ....

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00:27:00

Which Way For Physics?

by Brian Josephson
Which Way For Physics?
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 718 views
Rating:

This talk describes a new approach to the problem of characterising physical reality, one with the potential to fill in gaps in the conventional understanding of nature. It is based on a different view from the usual one of structure at the finest l....

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00:32:00

What Future for Energy and Climate?

by Jack Steinberger
What Future for Energy and Climate?
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 706 views
Rating:

We are using the planet's fossil fuel resources in a time which is very short compared to that of human evolution. In the same process we are changing the planet's climate and sea level, threatening the future of large segments of the global populat....

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00:30:00

The Development of Particle Physics

by Martinus Veltman
The Development of Particle Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 954 views
Rating:

Particle physics mainly developed after World War II. It has its roots in the first half of the previous century, when it became clear that all matter is made up from atoms, and the atoms in turn were found to contain a nucleus surrounded by electro....

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00:29:00

Discovery of Superconducting Tunneling

by Ivar Giaver
Discovery of Superconducting Tunneling
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1170 views
Rating:

I had the great fortune to receive a Nobel Prize in Physics for using electron tunneling to measure the energy gap in superconductors. In this talk I will recollect some of the events that led to this discovery and hopefully I will be able to convey....

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00:32:00

The Optical Frequency Comb – a Really Versatile Tool

by John Hall
The Optical Frequency Comb – a Really Versatile Tool
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 928 views
Rating:

The Optical Frequency Comb concept and technology exploded in 1999-2000 from the synthesis of advances in independent fields of Laser Stabilization, UltraFast Lasers, and NonLinear Optical Fibers. The Comb was developed first as a method for optical....

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00:29:00

Towards a Quantum Laboratory on a Chip

by Theodor Hänsch
Towards a Quantum Laboratory on a Chip
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 702 views
Rating:

Microfabricated magnetic traps, waveguides, and other elements for the manipulation of ultracold atoms can be combined to form a quantum laboratory on a chip. Devices such as miniaturized atom lasers, atom interferometers, and atomic clocks have been....

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00:33:00

Cold Atomic Gases: the Intersection of Condensed Matter and Atomic Physics

by William Phillips
Cold Atomic Gases: the Intersection of Condensed Matter and Atomic Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1056 views
Rating:

During the past decade laser cooling and evaporative cooling of atoms have produced quantum degenerate gases both of bosons (Bose-Einstein condensates) and of fermions (gases with temperatures below the Fermi temperature). Such gases can provide ana....

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00:34:00

From Spinwaves to Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) and Beyond

by Peter GrŸnberg
From Spinwaves to Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) and Beyond
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 890 views
Rating:

Standing spinwaves and surface waves in layered magnetic structures can be used for the detection and quantitative evaluation of interlayer exchange coupling (IEC). Using this method antiferromagnetic IEC has been found in Fe/Cr/Fe layered structure....

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00:37:00

Cosmic Rays: the Most Energetic Particles in the Universe

by James Cronin
Cosmic Rays: the Most Energetic Particles in the Universe
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 807 views
Rating:

Astrophysical objects are able to accelerate atomic nuclei to energies 10^7 times more than man made accelerators such as LHC. _Particles arrive at earth from space with energies as great as 50 joules, a macroscopic energy in a microscopic particle.....

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00:39:00

The World of Spintronics: Electrons, Spins, Computers and Telephones

by Albert Fert
The World of Spintronics: Electrons, Spins, Computers and Telephones
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 748 views
Rating:

Spintronics is a new field of research which exploits the influence of the electron spin on electronic transport. It is well known for the giant magnetoresistance of the magnetic multilayers and its application to increase the capacity of the hard d....

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00:32:00

The Big Challenges

by Gerardus t'Hooft
The Big Challenges
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 765 views
Rating:

During the entire 20th century, physical sciences have advanced to such a degree that we can extrapolate how they can be applied, even in a fairly distant future.  Even if we leave open the (likely) possibility of spectacular new discoveries and inv....

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00:34:00

Frontiers of Physics

by David Gross
Frontiers of Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1133 views
Rating:

David discusses a few of the questions facing fundamental physics that might be answered before the 100th Lindau meeting in 2050.

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00:32:00

The Looming World Shortage of Helium

by Robert Richardson
The Looming World Shortage of Helium
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 648 views
Rating:

The worldÍs supply of Helium gas comes primarily from alpha decay in rocks. The most abundant supply is in the American Southwest where it is trapped with methane is natural gas wells. That supply is estimated to last a mere 25 years. It took 4.7 bi....

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00:28:00

The History of the Universe, from the Beginning to the Ultimate End

by John Mather
The History of the Universe, from the Beginning to the Ultimate End
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 769 views
Rating:

John summarizes the history of the universe, from the Big Bang through the formation of galaxies and the Solar System, and the history of the Earth and some of the special factors enabling the formation of life.  Our future will be hot as the Sun ge....

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01:18:00

What is Quantum Optics?

by Roy Glauber
What is Quantum Optics?
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 2928 views
Rating:

The image of light waves as oscillating electromagnetic fields explains virtually all the phenomena of traditional optics.  An awareness that these waves are somehow subdivided into quanta has however been with us since the early 20th century.  The....

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00:43:00

The Development of Particle Physics

by Martinus Veltman
The Development of Particle Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 824 views
Rating:

Particle physics mainly developed after World War II. It has its roots in the first half of the previous century, when it became clear that all matter is made up from atoms, and the atoms in turn were found to contain a nucleus surrounded by electro....

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01:04:00

Mapping the Universe and Its History

by George Smoot
Mapping the Universe and Its History
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1505 views
Rating:

Using our most advanced techniques and instruments we sift through study the cosmic microwave background as a relic of the early universe to understand the events surrounding the birth and subsequent development of the Universe.  A precision inspect....

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00:34:00

What Can We Do with Laser Frequency Combs?

by Theodor Hänsch
What Can We Do with Laser Frequency Combs?
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 989 views
Rating:

The spectrum of a frequency comb, commonly generated by a mode-locked femtosecond laser consists of several hundred thousand precisely evenly spaced spectral lines.  Such laser frequency combs have revolutionized the art measuring the frequency of l....

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00:27:00

Model Synthesis for Ceramics: Superconductors, Magnets and Others

by Karl Muller
Model Synthesis for Ceramics: Superconductors, Magnets and Others
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 925 views
Rating:

The discovery of superconductivity in hole doped La2CuO4 was motivated by the interest to find this phenomenon in an oxide.  After the discovery near 35 K, copper oxides with transition temperatures of up to 131 K at normal pressure were found, i.e.....

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00:30:00

Superposition, Entanglement, and Raising Schrödinger’s Cat

by David Wineland
Superposition, Entanglement, and Raising Schrödinger’s Cat
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1457 views
Rating:

In 1935, Erwin Schrödinger, one of the inventors of quantum mechanics, illustrated his discomfort with the theory by pointing out that its extension to the macroscopic world could lead to bizarre situations such as a cat being simultaneously alive a....

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00:31:00

Controlling Photons in a Box and Exploring the Quantum to Classical Boundary

by Serge Haroche
Controlling Photons in a Box and Exploring the Quantum to Classical Boundary
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1268 views
Rating:

The founders of quantum theory assumed in 'thought experiments' that they were manipulating isolated quantum systems, obeying the counterintuitive laws which they had just discovered.  Technological advances have recently turned these virtual experi....

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00:30:00

Powering the Future

by Robert Laughlin
Powering the Future
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 974 views
Rating:

Some seeds of what to do in the climate/energy controversy are contained in what will be.  In this talk I shall ask everyone to jump over contemporary politics and make a mental journey to a time, several centuries from now, when nobody uses carbon-....

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