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00:31:00

The Adventure of Cold Atoms. From Optical Pumping to Quantum Gases

by Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
The Adventure of Cold Atoms. From Optical Pumping to Quantum Gases
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 815 views
Rating:

Conservation laws are very important in quantum physics. Two examples of applications will be given. First, optical pumping which uses transfer of angular momentum from polarized photons to atoms to produce highly polarized atomic gases. Then, laser ....

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00:29:00

A New Kilogram in 2018: The Biggest Revolution in Metrology Since the French Revolution

by Klaus vonKlitzing
A New Kilogram in 2018: The Biggest Revolution in Metrology Since the French Revolution
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 1007 views
Rating:

Metrology - the science of measurements - is responsible for the international uniformity and precision in standards. Today, the seven units for meter, kilogram, second, ampere, kelvin, mole, and candela of our international system of units (SI units....

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00:33:00

What About Redefining Time Using a Stable Laser?

by John Hall
What About Redefining Time Using a Stable Laser?
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 841 views
Rating:

Several laser-based Atomic Clocks now have an accuracy potential of ~2 x10-18, a hundred-fold better than the best achieved after more than 60 years' experience with rf resonances in Cs atoms. Still, this long attention span documents that the Cs Fou....

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00:44:00

The Future of Particle Physics

by David Gross
The Future of Particle Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 1069 views
Rating:

Elementary Particle Physics seeks to discover the basic constituents of matter and understand the fundamental forces that act on them. In this lecture I shall review the current state of particle physics, the grand success of the ñstandard modelî, ....

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00:37:00

Discovery of the Higgs Particle

by Martinus Veltman
Discovery of the Higgs Particle
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 916 views
Rating:

Recently the Higgs particle has been discovered at CERN. This particle was theoretically predicted. The historical development of field theory, leading to this prediction will be discussed.

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00:29:00

Future Accelerators for Astro-Particle Physics

by Carlo Rubbia
Future Accelerators for Astro-Particle Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 863 views
Rating:

One of the most remarkable results of astro-particle Physics has been the success of the Standard Model, recently culminated in the discovery of the Higgs particle (Ho). However, the Ho is observable only in few channels at the LHC, in the presence o....

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00:35:00

The International Year of Light: Celebrating Fifty Years of Laser Revolution in Physics

by Serge Haroche
The International Year of Light: Celebrating Fifty Years of Laser Revolution in Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 840 views
Rating:

The year 2015 has been named the International Year of Light, to mark milestones in the science of light which occurred 1000, 200, 150, 100 and 50 years go. I was a young student in physics in 1965, when the cosmic radiation background was discovered....

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00:39:00

Light Quanta and Their Idiosyncrasies

by Roy Glauber
Light Quanta and Their Idiosyncrasies
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 1029 views
Rating:

Maxwell's electromagnetic theory (now 150 years old) seemed in its comprehensive way to be capable of answering all of the questions one might ever pose about the theory of light. But that spell was broken in 1900 by Planck's discovery that light bea....

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00:31:00

Quantum Information: a Scientific and Technological Revolution for the 21st Century

by William Phillips
Quantum Information: a Scientific and Technological Revolution for the 21st Century
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 795 views
Rating:

Two of the great scientific and technical revolutions of the 20th century were the discovery of the quantum nature of the submicroscopic world, and the advent of information science and engineering. Both of these have had a profound effect not only o....

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00:35:00

Science with Combs of Light

by Theodor Hänsch
Science with Combs of Light
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 1027 views
Rating:

The spectrum of a frequency comb, commonly generated by a mode-locked femtosecond laser, consists of several hundred thousand precisely evenly spaced spectral lines. Such laser frequency combs have revolutionized the art of measuring the frequency of....

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00:33:00

The Origin of Elementary Particle Masses

by Francois Englert
The Origin of Elementary Particle Masses
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 768 views
Rating:

In the beginning of the 60s, the laws of classical general relativity, Einstein's generalisation of Newtonian gravity, and of quantum electrodynamics, the quantum version of Maxwell's electromagnetic theory, were known. These laws describe long range....

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00:28:00

Optical Microscopy – the Resolution Revolution

by Stefan Hell
Optical Microscopy – the Resolution Revolution
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 5 years ago | 784 views
Rating:

Throughout the 20th century it was widely accepted that a light microscope relying on conventional optical lenses cannot discern details that are much finer than about half the wavelength of light (200-400 nm), due to diffraction. However, in the 199....

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00:31:00

From Millisecond to Attosecond Laser Pulses

by Nicolaas Bloembergen
From Millisecond to Attosecond Laser Pulses
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1054 views
Rating:

A historical overview is presented of the experimental development of ever shorter laser pulses from 1960 to the present. Already in the early sixties nanosecond pulses were achieved and the entry into the picosecond domain was reached in the late s....

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00:25:00

Role of Cortical Noise in Vision

by Donald Glaser
Role of Cortical Noise in Vision
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 651 views
Rating:

Our brains are always generating electrical signals, even if we close our eyes, plug our ears, and lie in a warm bath. These signals are called cortical noise because they don't correlate with any sensation or thought of which we are aware. I will ....

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00:36:00

The Individuality of Light Quanta

by Roy Glauber
The Individuality of Light Quanta
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 955 views
Rating:

Light quanta are the fundamental units of radiant energy. When propagating freely they travel at the fastest attainable speed and live forever. These properties recommend them as the ideal messengers for communication of all sorts. Ordinary light ....

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00:27:00

Which Way For Physics?

by Brian Josephson
Which Way For Physics?
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 718 views
Rating:

This talk describes a new approach to the problem of characterising physical reality, one with the potential to fill in gaps in the conventional understanding of nature. It is based on a different view from the usual one of structure at the finest l....

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00:32:00

What Future for Energy and Climate?

by Jack Steinberger
What Future for Energy and Climate?
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 706 views
Rating:

We are using the planet's fossil fuel resources in a time which is very short compared to that of human evolution. In the same process we are changing the planet's climate and sea level, threatening the future of large segments of the global populat....

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00:30:00

The Development of Particle Physics

by Martinus Veltman
The Development of Particle Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 954 views
Rating:

Particle physics mainly developed after World War II. It has its roots in the first half of the previous century, when it became clear that all matter is made up from atoms, and the atoms in turn were found to contain a nucleus surrounded by electro....

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00:29:00

Discovery of Superconducting Tunneling

by Ivar Giaver
Discovery of Superconducting Tunneling
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1170 views
Rating:

I had the great fortune to receive a Nobel Prize in Physics for using electron tunneling to measure the energy gap in superconductors. In this talk I will recollect some of the events that led to this discovery and hopefully I will be able to convey....

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00:32:00

The Optical Frequency Comb – a Really Versatile Tool

by John Hall
The Optical Frequency Comb – a Really Versatile Tool
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 928 views
Rating:

The Optical Frequency Comb concept and technology exploded in 1999-2000 from the synthesis of advances in independent fields of Laser Stabilization, UltraFast Lasers, and NonLinear Optical Fibers. The Comb was developed first as a method for optical....

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00:29:00

Towards a Quantum Laboratory on a Chip

by Theodor Hänsch
Towards a Quantum Laboratory on a Chip
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 702 views
Rating:

Microfabricated magnetic traps, waveguides, and other elements for the manipulation of ultracold atoms can be combined to form a quantum laboratory on a chip. Devices such as miniaturized atom lasers, atom interferometers, and atomic clocks have been....

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00:33:00

Cold Atomic Gases: the Intersection of Condensed Matter and Atomic Physics

by William Phillips
Cold Atomic Gases: the Intersection of Condensed Matter and Atomic Physics
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 1056 views
Rating:

During the past decade laser cooling and evaporative cooling of atoms have produced quantum degenerate gases both of bosons (Bose-Einstein condensates) and of fermions (gases with temperatures below the Fermi temperature). Such gases can provide ana....

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00:34:00

From Spinwaves to Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) and Beyond

by Peter GrŸnberg
From Spinwaves to Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) and Beyond
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 890 views
Rating:

Standing spinwaves and surface waves in layered magnetic structures can be used for the detection and quantitative evaluation of interlayer exchange coupling (IEC). Using this method antiferromagnetic IEC has been found in Fe/Cr/Fe layered structure....

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00:37:00

Cosmic Rays: the Most Energetic Particles in the Universe

by James Cronin
Cosmic Rays: the Most Energetic Particles in the Universe
for 18-22 and upwards,
Lectures | 18-22 and upwards | 6 years ago | 807 views
Rating:

Astrophysical objects are able to accelerate atomic nuclei to energies 10^7 times more than man made accelerators such as LHC. _Particles arrive at earth from space with energies as great as 50 joules, a macroscopic energy in a microscopic particle.....

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